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A common topic among researchers today is the relationship adoptees have with their adopters. What are the causes of the problems that adoptees have in identifying with their adopters? Some researchers agree that some cause can be identified, while a whole other group of researchers say that the same causes identified cannot be the cause of the problems adoptees have identifying wither their adopters. The main disagreement comes from identifying whether adoptees have the same difficulties identifying with their parents as adoptees. The one question that is at the heart of the research is finding out how adoptees form their difficulties in identification with adopters? Are the causes the same across all adoptees. For example, do adoptees who are newborn have the same identification problems as one, two, or three year old adoptees? Is there is a significant difference between identify formation of adoptees and nonadoptees? There may be some crossover between identity formation in the adopted and nonadopted, but can we expect a consistent difference between them?
In a recent find it was shown that a specific group of adopted children showed 52% of attachment disorder. Contrary to public opinion, it was show that as these children grew older they were more prone to have these aberrations in adjustment. (Benson et al., 1998). The longer parents take to adopt children, the more likely that the children they adopt will have a harder time adjusting to them and adopting them as parents. Often older children can trust more than younger children. Well known child psychologist, like Erickson, notes that there are many stages of development which can effect a childs growth. One of those stages has to do with whether a child can trust or whether than are more inclined to distrust at a particular age. Erickson believed that this stage should be a major point of development. There are certain behavior problems that can arise at this stage if the child has certain traumatic experiences like abuse or neglect, that cause disassociation between the child and his parents or his adopters.